Multimodal intervention improves core symptoms in preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
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I tested the effect of a psychobehavioral intervention combined with electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback on the core symptoms of preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 42 preschool children with attention-deficit, hyperactive-impulsive, or compound-type ADHD. They were randomly divided into the control group, a psychobehavioral intervention group, an EEG biofeedback intervention group, or a psychobehavioral + EEG biofeedback intervention group (i.e., comprehensive). After 4 months of intervention, I assessed (a) attention concentration time and (b) impulsivity and hyperactivity scores using Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire. Results show that the multimodal intervention significantly improved participants’ concentration time and behavioral hyperactive-impulsive symptoms. The multimodal (vs. single-modal) intervention was more effective in improving core symptoms. My results provide a reference for related research and practical application.