Structural relationships between students’ social support and self-esteem, depression, and happiness

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Chul-Ho Bum
Ik-Ki Jeon
Cite this article:  Bum, C., & Jeon, I. (2016). Structural relationships between students’ social support and self-esteem, depression, and happiness. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 44(11), 1761-1774.


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We examined structural relationships between physical education students’ social support and social self-esteem, depression, and happiness. Participants (N = 311) completed measures of perceived social support from parents, professors, and peers, and of the students’ levels of depression, happiness, and self-esteem. Results showed that parents’, professors’, and peers’ social support were significant antecedent variables that increased the students’ self-esteem, that parents’ and professors’ social support were associated with lower depression, and that high self-esteem was associated with greater happiness and lower depression. The latter association, however, was not significant. Results indicated that social support and high self-esteem are useful resources that help college students live happy lives by promoting positive emotions.

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