Analyzing peer pressure and self-efficacy expectations among adolescents
Main Article Content
The relationship between levels of peer pressure and self-efficacy expectations among adolescents was examined. The data were obtained from 546 high school students using the Self-efficacy Expectation Scale, developed by Muris (2001) and adapted into Turkish by Celikkaleli, Gündogdu, and Kıran-Esen (2006), and the Peer Pressure Scale (Kıran-Esen, 2003b). Although the findings showed significantly negative relationships between peer pressure and general and academic self-efficacy expectations in these adolescents, no relationships were found between peer pressure and social and emotional self-efficacy expectations. Moreover, general and academic self-efficacy expectations were higher in adolescents who were experiencing low levels of peer pressure than in adolescents with moderate and high levels of general and academic self-efficacy. However, no significant differences were observed in terms of social and emotional self-efficacy expectations.