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We tested the validity and reliability of the Attitudes Towards School Violence Questionnaire with Chinese high school students. We translated the questionnaire into Chinese and performed exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and test–retest and internal consistency reliability tests. As for the original questionnaire, the Chinese version of the Attitudes Towards School Violence Questionnaire comprises 28 items designed to measure four attitudes toward violence: that violence is a form of fun, a way to increase self-esteem, a way to solve problems, and perceived as legitimate. There were significant positive correlations among the students’ attitudes toward school violence, and both their impulsive tendency and aggressive behavior. The results show that as the Chinese version of the Attitudes Towards School Violence Questionnaire had adequate psychometric properties, it can be used to assess the attitudes of Chinese high school students toward school violence.