The likelihood of victim restitution in mock cases: Are the rules of the game different from prison and probation?
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Criminal justice researchers have examined the significance of factors on punishment likelihoods for offenders. However, these authors typically emphasize imprisonment and probation. With the growing concern for victim’s rights, the criminal justice system has included the option of victim restitution. Researchers, however, have not examined the significance of factors for the likelihood of victim restitution. In the present study differences in punishment likelihoods through social psychology – more specifically, affect control theory – are explored. Participants, after reading a presentence report, answered questions regarding the offender, the victim, and the crime. Results revealed a difference in factors depending on the type of punishment, thus raising issues concerning the distinction between victim restitution and other punishments. The significance of social psychology and affect control theory is emphasized.